2017 John Deere X590 with 48-in. Deck


John Deere
X590 with 48-in. Deck



The constant-speed governor works together with electronic fuel injection (EFI) to keep the engine of the X590 operating at an optimum speed, responding instantaneously as the mower transitions from light to heavy mowing. When the load increases, the engine speed on the X590 remains constant, thus cutting mowing time and grass down to size.

The X590 Tractor is powered by a high-performance iTorque Power system, and comes equipped with easy-to-use Twin Touch foot pedals, hydraulic lift and power steering.

The X590 features updated controls that are color-coded and easy to use, including automotive-style cruise control. It also comes standard with an enhanced instrument display that features an electronic fuel gauge, service indicator lights, a tachometer with "Best Cut" target zone and much, much more.

The X590 is equipped with the new Accel Deep™ Mower Deck - a deck stamped from a single piece of 10-gauge steel that's specially shaped to maximize airflow for optimal cut quality, especially at faster speeds. What makes this mower deck unique is its nearly 5-inch deep shell that extends all the way around, and its smooth shape.

  • 48-in. Accel Deep™ Deck
  • Excellent power and performance
  • Constant-speed governor technology
  • 4-year/500-hour bumper-to-bumper warranty
  • Power: 25.5 hp19 kW
  • Displacement: 44.3 cu in.726 cc
  • Manufacturer/model: FS730 EFI
  • Type: Electronic fuel injection (EFI), overhead valve, full-pressure lube, oil filter
  • Cylinders: V-twin, cast-iron liners
  • Governor: Constant-speed electronic
  • Choke/speed control: No choke required
  • Cooling method: Air
  • Air cleaner: Dry, replaceable with foam precleaner
  • Oil drain: No tools
Fuel System
  • Type: Gasoline
  • Fuel delivery: Open-loop electronic fuel injection (EFI)
  • Fuel gauge: Gauge on dash
  • Fuel tank location: Rear
  • Fuel fill opening: On left fender, 3 in.7.6 cm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 4.4 U.S. gal.16.7 L
Electrical System
  • Battery: 12 V500 CCA
  • Charging system: Flywheel alternator, regulated, 15 amp
  • Hourmeter: Yes
  • Headlights: Two standard, incandescent, 27 W
  • Taillights or reflector: Reflectors
  • Backup lights: No
  • Rear work lights: No
  • 12-V outlet: Yes
  • Type: K72 hydrostatic integrated with transaxle
  • Control: Twin Touch™ pedals
  • Cruise control: Yes, button on dash
  • Oil cooler: Fins and fan on transaxle
  • Oil filter: Yes, replaceable
  • Differential lock: Standard
  • Forward speed: 0-7.2 mph0-11.6 km/h
  • Reverse speed: 0-5.2 mph0-8.4 km/h
  • Brakes: Internal wet disc
  • Frame: Welded heavy-duty
  • Primer/paint: E-coat/powder
  • Weight bracket: Standard front and rear - each holds up to four Quik-Tatch weights, 42 lb19 kg
  • Receiver hitch: No
  • Front axle: Cast iron front axle, front wheel ball bearings
  • Spindle bushings: Metal, replaceable
  • Front tires: 16x6.5-8 turf
  • Rear tires: 24x12-12 turf
  • Hood material: Molded-in color hood material reduces sound, will not rust or dent
  • Fender deck material: Stamped steel
  • Floor mats: Sure-grip rubber
  • Storage: Yes, under seat and covered toolbox
  • Service interval decal: Yes
  • Fender handles/grips: Handles
  • Cup holder: Yes
  • Equipment mounting: Yes, heavy duty
  • Type: Power, hydraulic
  • All-wheel steer: Not available on this model
  • Steering wheel: 14 in.35.6 cm
  • Tilt steering wheel: Standard, five position
  • Turning radius: 22 in.55.9 cm
  • Uncut circle radius: 48A, 27 in.68.6 cm
  • Type: High-back
  • Seat back height: 21 in.53.3 cm
  • Armrests: Optional
  • Fore-aft adjustment: While seated, slide rail, 14-position, 7 in.17.8 cm
  • Seat suspension: Tilt, two coil springs, three-position no-tools adjustment for operator weight
Lift System
  • Type: Hydraulic
  • Hydraulic outlets: No
  • Mower cut height: 13 positions, 1-4 in.2.5-10.2 cm
  • Cut height increments: 0.25 in.0.64 cm
  • Preset cut height: Yes
Mower Deck
  • Type: Side discharge
  • Cutting width: 48 in.122 cm
  • Construction: Stamped steel deck shell
  • Mower deck material: 10 gauge0.135 in.3.4 mm
  • Mower wash port: Yes
  • Mower drive system: Electric power take-off (PTO) clutch, in-line belt
  • Mower wheels: Four
  • Mower wheel adjustment: Seven-position, spring-loaded pin
  • Mower level adjustment: Exact Adjust ports and onboard deck-leveling gauge
Mower Attachability
  • Type: Roll under tractor
  • Front draft arms: Attached with spring pins at two points
  • Rear draft arms: Quick-pull pins
  • Mower wheels rotate: Yes, 90 degrees for easy mower removal
  • Drive system: Dual belt
  • Meets ANSI standard: Yes
  • Meets OPEI standard: Yes
  • Backup protection: Reverse Implement Option (RIO)
  • Safety video: Yes
Buyer's Notes
  • Notes: Heavy-duty garden tractor transaxle Convenient power steering and hydraulic lift Built-in front and rear weight brackets
  • Warranty: 4 year/500 hour bumper-to-bumper** (**Term limited to years or hours used, whichever comes first, and varies by model. See the LIMITED WARRANTY FOR NEW JOHN DEERE TURF AND UTILITY EQUIPMENT at JohnDeere.com or JohnDeere.ca/TUWarranty for details.)
Optional Equipment
  • Mowers: 48X option
  • Rear bagger: 7, 14, 19 bu247, 493, 670 L
  • Powered material collection: Power Flow™ blower
  • Mulching system: Yes, MulchControl™
  • Front thatcher: 38, 46, 54 in.96.5, 116.8, 137.2 cm
  • Front blade: 48 in.121.9 cm
  • Snow blower: Two-stage, 47 in.119.4 cm
  • Rotary tiller: Mechanical, 30 in.76.2 cmHydraulic, 42 in.106.7 cm
  • Sleeve hitch: Yes, implements include box scraper, rear blade, plow, disk, and cultivator
  • Plow, moldboard: Yes
  • Box scraper: Yes
  • Cultivator: Yes
  • Rear blade: Yes
  • Sprayer: Tow-behind, 15, 25, 45 U.S. gal.56.8, 94.6, 170.3 LMounted, 25 U.S. gal.94.6 L
  • Spreader: 125, 175 lb57.7, 79.4 kgMounted, 125 lb57.7 kg
  • Front bumper: Standard front bumper/weight bracket
  • Brush guard: Yes
  • Weather protection: Weather enclosure
  • Sun canopy: Yes
  • Bucket holder: Yes, double bucket
  • Grass striping: Lawn striping kit
  • Tractor shovel: 40 in.101.6 cm
  • Tow-behind tools: 19
  • Height: 52.25 in.132.7 cm
  • Overall length: 79 in.201 cm
  • Wheelbase: 51.2 in.130 cm
  • Width with mower: 48A, 62.5 in.159 cm
  • Width with mower (deflector raised for storage): 48A, 53.6 in.136 cm
  • Width without mower: 41 in.104.1 cm
  • Weight: 48A Mower, no fuel, 797 lb362 kg
Engine hp is provided by engine manufacturer for comparison purposes. Actual operating hp will be less.



Horse Power
25.5 hp (19 kW)
Engine Type
44.3 cu in. (726 cc)


K72 hydrostatic integrated with transaxle
Wheel Size
Front: 16x6.5-8 turf; Rear: 24x12-12 turf
Fuel Capacity
4.4 U.S. gal. (16.7 L)


Deck Size
48 in. (122 cm)
Discharge Type

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